Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervix.1 Almost all cervical cancer cases are linked to the human papillomavirus (HPV),2 a widespread sexually transmitted infection. HPV is a group of viruses comprising over 100 strains, with some strains carrying a larger risk than others.3
Low-risk HPVs may typically cause no symptoms. Some may appear as warts, but these seldom cause cancer.4 High-risk HPV strains are associated with cervical cancer and various other cancers in men and women.3 Among these, HPV types 16 and 18 are responsible for 70% of cervical cancer cases.4
Thankfully, cervical cancer is preventable and curable, if caught early.
Cervical cancer ranks as the 11th most common cancer among women in Singapore and the 5th most frequent cancer affecting women between the ages of 15 and 44.5
In 2020, an estimated 309 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer, and 172 succumbed to the disease.5
Our advocates share their stories on the importance of protection against HPV.
Take steps to lower your risk of cervical cancer and other diseases caused by HPV.
1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Basic Information About Cervical Cancer. https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/cervical/basic_info/index.htm. Accessed 7 December 2022.
2 de Martel C, Plummer M, Vignat J, Franceschi S. Worldwide burden of cancer attributable to HPV by site, country and HPV type. Int J Cancer. 2017;141(4):664.
3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Infections Treatment Guidelines 2021. https://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment-guidelines/hpv.htm. Accessed 5 December 2022.
4 Cancer.Net. HPV and Cancer. https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/prevention-and-healthy-living/hpv-and-cancer. Accessed 5 December 2022.
5 ICO HPV Information Centre. Singapore human Papillomavirus and Related Cancers, Fact Sheet 2021. https://hpvcentre.net/statistics/reports/SGP_FS.pdf. Accessed 6 December 2022.
6 National Cancer Institute. HPV and Cancer. https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/infectious-agents/hpv-and-cancer. Accessed 5 December 2022.
7 American Cancer Society. HPV and Cancer. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/cancer-causes/infectious-agents/hpv/hpv-and-cancer-info.html. Accessed 5 December 2022.
8 American Cancer Society. Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/signs-symptoms.html. Accessed 7 December 2022.
9 National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. HPV (Human Papillomavirus). https://www.nfid.org/infectious-diseases/hpv/. Accessed 2 December 2022.
10 National Cervical Cancer Coalition. HPV and Relationships. https://www.nccc-online.org/hpvcervical-cancer/hpv-and-relationships/. Accessed 7 December 2022.
11 Tay SK, Oon LLE. Prevalence of cervical human papillomavirus infection in healthy women is related to sexual behaviours and educational level: A cross-sectional study. Int J STD AIDS. 2014;25(14):1013-1021.
12 Bruni L, Albero G, Serrano B, et al. ICO/IARC Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (HPV Information Centre). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases in Singapore. Summary Report 22 October 2021. https://hpvcentre.net/statistics/reports/SGP.pdf?t=1641992267398. Accessed 5 December 2022.
13 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. STD Facts - HPV and Men. https://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv-and-men.htm. Accessed December 2, 2022.
14 Jemal A, Simard EP, Dorell C, et al. Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2009, featuring the burden and trends in human papillomavirus(HPV)-associated cancers and HPV vaccination coverage levels. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013;105(3):175-201.
15 Moscicki AB, Palefsky JM. HPV in men: An update. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2011;15(3): 231-234.
16 Giuliano AR, Viscidi R, Torres BN, et al. Seroconversion following anal and genital HPV infection in men: The HIM study. Papillomavirus Res. 2015;1:109-115.